Xenocentrism. Xenocentrism indicates a preference for the products, styles, or ideas of someone else's culture rather than of one's own. The opposite of xenocentrism is ethnocentrism which is the tendency to overvalue one's own native cultural beliefs and values and therefore devalues the worth of the elements of other cultures. - is a belief in which one's culture is inferior to the other culture. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. In order to justify this notion, the process of cultural relativism may be used to assess a culture or society by its own standards. In this situation, other countries may seem more appealing in terms of education systems, particularly when public schools in these countries perform better and students are more uniformly prepared for college. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. There’s nothing wrong with et… Xenocentrism is countered by ethnocentrism, the perceived superiority of one's own society to others. - Definition & Examples, What is Human Nature? It is also noted that self-perception and self esteem can contribute to xenocentrism. William G. Sumner, who coined the term ethnocentrism, is famously known as America’s first sociology professor. In what situation is cultural relativism manifested? The prefix xeno has to do with foreigners, people actually from a different country. American culture is spreading to canada, peni, germany, china, japan, mali, turkey and sweden. 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One example is the romanticization of the noble savage in the 18th-century primitivism movement in European art, philosophy and ethnography. Some examples of the consequences of Xenocentrism include: As you can see, xenocentrism can be a major problem when it occurs in a society, especially if it occurs on a widespread scale. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. By xenocentrism, which sounds like a derivative of xenophobia, are you talking about the fear of outsiders and ways that are different from the culture in question? This viewpoint is most closely associated with which of the three major sociological perspectives? 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Services. In certain circumstances, some individuals may attempt to elevate their perception among others by eschewing domestic products for foreign ones. SURVEY . If an individual devalues his or her own society for other societies or cultures, it's because they assume that what is true within their own social system is not necessarily so in another. Meaning of Ethnocentrism. Speciesism was found in cultures across the galaxy for various reasons, ranging from religious beliefs to a sense of biological superiority possessed by individuals or groups; indeed, the practice could range from single individuals to an entire species. Xenocentrism is the perception or feeling that another country or culture is somehow superior than one's own. Many people use the word 'xenophobia' when referring to other people that they believe are racist, using the words as synonymous with each other. Positive and Negative Examples Origin of the Concept and its Study John D. Fullmer - xenocentrism results from an attempt on the part on an individual to correct his or her own ethnocentrism. Ethnocentrism occurs when someone judges the acts of another culture based on the preconceptions that are found in the standards and values of one’s own culture. The notion of xenocentrism is an important consideration in how we study relationships between individuals and the society of which they are naturally a part. Understanding Xenocentrism. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Tear Down the Walls: A Biblical and Systematic Response to Xenophobia, Ethnocentrism, and Racism. The main difference between ethnocentrism and xenocentrism is the preference of culture. To check your learning of these concepts, please refer to the quiz questions after this lesson. Log in here for access. Many people use the word 'xenophobia' when referring to other people that they believe are racist, using the words as synonymous with each other. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 However, they are not synonyms even if some of the behaviors are the same. Color, language, culture, appearance, values― all these factors come together to group people based upon the aforementioned. Xenocentrism serves as an antithesis to ethnocentrism, wherein a person believes his or her culture and its goods and services are superior to that of all other cultures and people. Study.com has thousands of articles about every The opposite of ethnocentrism is xenocentrism. xenocentrism can be a major problem when it occurs in a society. In this lesson, we will define the concept of xenocentrism, articulate its use as a concept in sociology, and explain the relationship between xenocentrism and cultural relativism. All Rights Reserved, Red convertible as examples of xenocentrism, Examples of Xenocentrism (and Their Impact on Society), Americans' belief that European's produce superior automotive vehicles, European Renaissance artists desire to emulate ancient Greek artwork, Americans belief that French or Spanish wine is superior to what is produced by American vineyards, The belief that cheeses in France are far superior to those in the United States, The concept that the quality of Ireland's beer is far superior to that produced domestically, Coveting the culture of another country such as in Central America where the work day is set up far differently than in the United States, The belief that the way of dress by another culture is significantly superior and that those within one's native country should adopt that same dress, The belief that other countries produce better children's toys, The concept that a quality product can't be purchased in one's native country, The idea that cloth to make clothes is better produced by other nations, Overall reduction of morale within the nation, Negative impact on the identity of others in relation to culture, If adopted by large like-minded groups, xenocentrism could cause political polarization. The term was coined by American Yale professor, William Graham Sumner
Sumner defined ethnocentrism as:
What is Ethnocentrism?
"[The] view of things in which one´s group is the center of everything, and others are scaled and rated with reference to it. In contemporary times, xenocentrism is unavoidable, as the public is exposed to products, principles, ideas, lifestyle, policies, and progress of other cultures, but you should know where to draw a line, so that you do not get carried away! 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Merton's Theories, Quiz & Worksheet - Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research, Individual Rights & Civic Responsibilities, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. There is a gap, then, between the ideal culture that a society says it has and believes in and the real culture that a society actually follows. It is sometimes related to racism, discrimination, stereotyping, and xenophobia. Cultural Relativism vs Ethnocentrism. The prefix ethno has to do with ethnicity, often within a society. One 's culture is inferior to the quiz questions after this lesson to a Custom Course a reflection!, ideas and other cultural elements of another nation cook tomorrow night unconscious ) that cultures!, and personalized coaching to help you succeed upon other races because they superior! Time, the world evolved quickly and was endowed with lots of different cultures applies... 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