The dreamkeepers: Successful teachers of African American students. L�#���çu^+��x� 'b�k�1h�U���E�N�E�oP?,�8y(^Q` v��Spx*����琀�!v+g��]��������*l��g$%�S �.�s���D@�4�]��{��n�:�2��.�~vu��nD�QH�G�T�e�P��wD�ՕAy�V�"6��ݎk��9�v���% ��6�J+P���n�s��7�Yv�/�v�%O>��OӜ�ǨU .㮛����ܝ;���D�%�������>���@ނ��e׏{���Ֆ���n��*�lDX��t�^� JǴ�3Ա�������y^. them until they can apply them in novel situations. The goal of this lesso… ]D-G��߷��0�.�Rr�f�!��K0�`�7����F�C��ܾ�~�ܳ��1�X+9z���͞�c;t��q7e�K=$��Kf8��-s�t�� ��#5X8�h��_�� ��9>���ש�[q%Q:U�Azr�K��Ն�3t�!gw�v�˦֫*X�?�[X-�u��}=+���ҫh��Ʃ�i��cC���W�Q�NX�r Before discussing an example, let us review the three main learning styles. Technology is also an excellent platform for cooperative learning. National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS). Differentiated instruction requires use of a combination of materials (Gardner, 1993; Tomlinson, 2001). Differentiating Content Content comprises the knowledge, concepts, and skills that students need to learn based on the curriculum. High tech tools shift from special to universal. These materials are now available on a Web site called Technology Tips for Diversified Instruction. They also explored the students’ perceptions of fair and equal treatment by teachers, as well as how much the students wanted to associate with someone of a different race at the lunch table, basketball court, school bus, and so on. The integration of "universally designed technology" (the current term for products designed to be accessible to people with diverse needs) has been slow going across the country; consultant Lisa Wahl estimates that schools typically use only 10 percent of the capabilities of the technology they have. Auditory: Auditory learners learn best through listening and/or conversation. Differentiated instruction (DI) with the use of technology offers the opportu- nity for teachers to engage students in different modalities, while also varying the rate of instruc- tion, complexity levels, and teaching strategies to engage and challenge students. Visual: Auditory learners learn best through reading, writing, and/or visual aids. Childhood obesity rates have increased dramatically over the past 30 years, particularly among African Americans and Hispanics, who are affected by overweight and obesity at higher rates than other populations. In today's classroom, teachers encounter a diverse student body. He predicts that the landmark law will produce only small ripples at first, benefiting the most severely disabled students. Froma Cummings, director of assistive technology and textbook accessibility for the Arizona Department of Education, saw this coming as she witnessed a familiar scenario in her state's schools: A child with a disability is included in a mainstream classroom, the general education teacher there uses technological tools to help the student access the standard curriculum, and, sooner or later, the teacher realizes, "Wait a sec -- this gizmo that helps Jenny overcome her reading disability could really help these other five children who are struggling to keep up in the novel we're reading, and these other six who are just learning English.". National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) This is a national civil rights organization which exists to … 1. %PDF-1.3 %���� 132 0 obj << /Linearized 1.0 /L 1157558 /H [ 96503 463 ] /O 134 /E 96966 /N 11 /T 1154873 /P 0 >> endobj xref 132 21 0000000015 00000 n But it's getting a boost this year from a little-heralded federal law called the National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS). trailer << /Size 153 /Prev 1154862 /Root 133 0 R /Info 131 0 R >> startxref 0 %%EOF 133 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 130 0 R >> endobj 134 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 127 0 R /Resources << /XObject 149 0 R /ProcSet 150 0 R /Font << /F1 138 0 R /F2 139 0 R /F3 140 0 R /F4 141 0 R /F5 136 0 R /F6 137 0 R /F7 135 0 R /F8 144 0 R /F9 145 0 R /F10 143 0 R /F11 146 0 R /F12 142 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [ 0 0 606.72 721.92 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 606.72 721.92 ] /Contents 147 0 R >> endobj 135 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F7 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 136 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F5 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 137 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F6 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 138 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Helvetica /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 139 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 140 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Oblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 141 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F4 /BaseFont /Helvetica-BoldOblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 142 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F12 /BaseFont /Courier-BoldOblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 143 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F10 /BaseFont /Courier-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 144 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F8 /BaseFont /Times-BoldItalic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 145 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F9 /BaseFont /Courier /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 146 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F11 /BaseFont /Courier-Oblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 147 0 obj [ 148 0 R ] endobj 148 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 6751 >> stream Teaching is a holistic approach. Course design that promotes differentiated instruction with technology includes individual student access to digi… Learning Communities in a Diverse Urban EnvironmentI teach at one of the most culturally diverse campuses in the country, LaGuardia Community College in Long Island City, New York. This book is designed specifically for the inclusive classroom teacher. 0000003242 00000 n A relationship exists between student learning achievement and course materials that are tailored to diverse learners (Su, Tseng, Lin, and Chen, 2011). 0000003387 00000 n The effects of socioeconomic diversity can be especially powerful for students from low-income families, who, historically, often have not had equal access to the resources they need to succeed. New York: Teachers College Press. 0000002325 00000 n Although it can be challenging to meet the needs of a culturally diverse population, there are many benefits. Thus, they must start work closing the achievement gap in later years. :mM��:8F�d`l�a�¼���7��L��u. D�@/�&�M{�3 �芹������F�ڳR��R��a��\z���)��%�7V������M����ɨv��Aя���F&��(8]� �r�Q?D+�GH���4!S� �&N���|.5%O%�vJNmt����h�U��k?�P���3h_y�/�H���K0��)l�|�,��!��L�Eޭ������+�/�/k5A+�N��,Q:�>O)����{��� �ȡD��R�8�@|;�T�l\ޡMs�h?��8�� �NT/��j�`)�պ�^�//3��2�3f�)�$rV.�3rpVܻ��C.�������q:/��\�x�9��~��Ik T�8K|�� ���Lr��2L���/f�p�A�b����5���������H�R$y0�����r �K�M�B�ױ�%�nc@�j��w�� � �x���6��? But once you increase diversity and open access for underrepresented student groups, you must continue to support diversity. Cultural diversity in the classroom is on the rise. ;������vC V�jIm1kO������ �˰\�vRU�؎����. x���[��Ƒ��]���Mm�J>��p��D�Dyٿ��s�̐�+~H��KOߧ���3�y�7�Vm���i��3&�M����FV��l�������_�e�a����_$Wk��ڰ��?c�Ϧ'�W�����?��m�/Z=������e�.�4zJy�*4U?4{춇q��'����3�76�Wox�lJQ�'�?���s�|�wѠ`]�>r;�R?xB0{�Ճ�ǭ'��v΄ؔ�tO��О��4Ó��$�Юɛ�i�h��#�Ҡ�:�X_ �ߗC-lI�����_����rM�_U��$�%Sn����]wC.��_��e�Q5sb��կ����: MC��_��������oɽ���Z�UVN�?���������/$6���}�p� "Over the longer term, however," Rose says, "NIMAS will foreshadow a sea change in publishing and teaching. Hodgkinson advocates educational programs that, like Head Start, take into account not only academic needs but conceive of children as whole persons with social, emotional, and physical needs and strengths, in a family context (2003).However, many schools do not have the opportunity to work with children at such a young age. Middle Matters » February 2006, Vol. According to the 2000 census, over 80 percent of children (6-17 years) in school use computers in school. Access-enhancing technology -- long seen as a tool exclusively for special-needs students -- will become more widely adapted in the coming year as a means of personalizing instruction for all learners. Creating a plan for students with diverse needs can be challenging, but Cossandra George has some tools and tips for success. Villagran noted that though many from disenfranchised populations may have limited access to some technologies, there are some interactive media that can be promising when doing research, such as social media networks, microblogging (Twitter), mobile applications (Apps), online support networks, and blogs. 2. Edutopia® and Lucas Education Research™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of the George Lucas Educational Foundation in the U.S. and other countries. 0000002786 00000 n Burris and Welner (2005) documente… Reenvisioning uses for targeted technology, and the redefinition of what constitutes a special need, already have begun. Technology, coupled with sound pedagogy, allows students to experience the kind of education that was previously unimaginable. With the establishment of a series of education acts for students with special needs, more and more students with special needs have opportunities to be involved in a regular classroom. The explosion of educational software and hardware offers something to accommodate just about every learning style. E-Learning that offers multiple technology modalities such as graphics, audio, video, and animation accommodates diverse learners (Douglas-Faraci, 2010). Electronic grade books, digital portfolios, learning games, and real-time feedback on teacher and student performance, are a few ways that technology can be utilized to power learning. Some of this diversity is obvious: More than ever, students come from different racial, ethnic, religious and linguistic backgrounds. We art teachers have a unique opportunity to bring students together. At our school, we are constantly encouraging teachers and students to take risks with technology--in particular, leveraging the power of available digital tools and devices to meet the needs of diverse learners. More on Kids & Diversity. Supporting Diverse Student Populations in Times of Change Erika Garcia, Coordinator of Diversity Programs Stephanie Holleran, Senior International Student Advisor. Click the button below to add the Instructional Strategies for Diverse Student Populations to your wish list. An Oral Communication class (my discipline) with 35 students will probably have 30 different cultural groups. Also, understanding and respecting your own cultural roots can help you respect your students’ cultural roots. 3 by Cynthia “Mama J” Johnson 0000003358 00000 n Teachers will come to expect, and then demand, materials that are flexible enough to meet the challenge of the diversity in all their students.". Most of my teaching is in learning communities, either in thematically linked Liberal 0000003135 00000 n 3. Materials for Ethnically Diverse Populations. 0000002215 00000 n Once the curtain is removed for how these three areas can be differentiated, meeting students’ diverse needs becomes obvious and easy to do—because it’s always been present. 0000096503 00000 n 0000001650 00000 n �Ŀ���k�?U©��|�6���׏�4ĝ|�ߖA2��ӋZڛz�J�a��dQ9��n�� is a practical guide for teachers to use the latest technology to assist them in meeting the needs of the diverse population of learners in their classrooms.. 0000001992 00000 n 0000002548 00000 n Learning technology could be a useful tool to help teachers meet diverse students’ needs. Who We Are ... suggest reforms to help ensure that H-1B visas are awarded to the most-skilled or highest-paid petition beneficiaries" Office of International Admissions & In 2014, U.S. public schools hit a minority majority milestone with Latino, African-American, and Asian students having surpassed the number of white students. 0000010305 00000 n Technology and the Diverse Learner . 0000003019 00000 n Unmasking the Truth: Teaching Diverse Student Populations As middle schools become more diverse, principals must ensure that their teachers use proper strategies to help all their students—regardless of race—succeed. We can't teach what we don't know: White teachers in multiracial schools (2nd ed.). 0000010213 00000 n This paper analyzes the intersection of technology and diversity in classrooms with reference to the implications of the inequity of access and usage for under-represented groups including low-income, minority students, students from culturally diverse backgrounds, students with disabilities, and female students. (U.S. Census Bureau, 2001) As internet usage increases the opportunities to reach the diverse student population is limitless. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Technology can help you tailor instruction to meet the needs of all students by allowing changes to: • content • channels of input, and • means of output. 0000002434 00000 n 5. Take, for example, IntelliTools's IntelliKeys keyboard, whose touch-sensitive pad can be tailored to show large-type or pictorial keys. Discover five ways parents can reduce racial bias in their children. Additionally teachers must be able to design developmentally appropriate learning opportunities that apply technology-enhanced instructional strategies to support the diverse needs of learners. Ladson-Billings, G. (1994). Working with Diverse Student Population A guide for faculty and staff Veterans, first generation college students, minorities and nontraditional students often have a different ... Advisors can assist student with acclimating with college environment ... o Support students as they begin integrating themselves amongst more diverse groups The goal is to not only build a ladder for students into higher education but to build scaffolding for success in school and beyond, for both your established and emerging student populations. • Students are taught before, during, and after reading strategies in all content areas to help them master academic material. 6 Strategies for Working With Diverse-Needs Students … Technology can assist the teacher in crossing the language barrier that exists in a diverse classroom. Kinesthetic: Kinesthetic learners learn best while moving and/or touching a stimulus related to the lesson. Teaching diverse populations should be recognized as a holistic approach that enriches the lives of all children in the class, and the personal and academic relationship between students and their teachers is probably the most influential factor affecting success. 0000002665 00000 n These multicultural and diversity programs and organizations can help students break out of their comfort zone and explore meaningful possibilities. Become aware of how the influence of your own culture, language, social interests, goals, cognitions, and values could prevent you from learning how you could best teach your students of culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. 0000010249 00000 n (ELL, disabilities, cultural backgrounds, etc.) This piece of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 mandates that, beginning August 18, 2006, all publishers provide a digital version of every textbook they sell. Reenvisioning uses for targeted technology, and the redefinition of what constitutes a special need, already have begun. Access-enhancing technology -- long seen as a tool exclusively for special-needs students -- will become more widely adapted in the coming year as a means of personalizing instruction for all learners. These tips can help you create a classroom environment sensitive to students’ cultural identities. 14, No. The tool debuted in the special education market, Cummings says, but now is used for nondisabled students who struggle with conventional keyboards. using technology to serve all students.1One result has been the creation of related professional-development materials on how to use technology with diverse student groups. Manipulatives (anything that allows students to manually interact with instructional materials) generally benefit all students, but are particularly useful for diverse student populations. The digital format the law requires, XML, will allow states, resource centers, and other entities to manipulate almost any kind of content (text, audio, video, image) into almost any kind of format (excerpts, text-to-speech, Braille, and various fonts) on any platform (computer, Web site, cell phone, PDA). David Rose, director of the education-technology research group CAST, which helped design NIMAS, expects the first XML books to debut this school year, as scheduled. • Because of the diversity of students found in today's classrooms. 0000001597 00000 n Even in the ubiquitous Microsoft Word software, text-to-speech tools and summarizing functions (which help students draw themes from text) provide multiple entry points into content for students with varied strengths and weaknesses. Of all of these factors, the personal and academic relationships between teachers and their students may be … Strategies for Teaching Culturally Diverse Students There are many school factors that affect the success of culturally diverse students the school's atmosphere and overall attitudes toward diversity, involvement of the community, and culturally responsive curriculum, to name a few. Ladson-Billings, G. (2002). Now let us explore a sample lesson that engages all three learning styles. High Tech High – High Tech High (HTH) is a network of eleven California charter schools offering project-based learning opportunities to students in grades K-12. 0000002104 00000 n 0000002906 00000 n Work closing the achievement gap in later years diverse student Populations in Times of Change Erika Garcia Coordinator. Be tailored to show large-type or pictorial keys n't teach what we n't... Has been the creation of related professional-development materials on how to use technology with student. 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