- separately priced items from a menu, not as part of a set meal. Some of the most common are defined here. 2. Prepared By: C. Simpson 1 COOKING TERMS.doc A DICTIONARY OF COOKING TERMS. A spoonful of a semi-solid food, like whipped cream or masted potatoes, placed on top of another food. Gravity. The process of mixing dough with the hands or a mixer. This method is great for delicate items that may fall apart in the deep fryer, like crab cakes or zucchini fritters. To drizzle a flammable spirit over a food while its cooking, to ignite the just before serving. Dice Zest Blanching, mincing, braising, and more. Above all, don’t stress about this instruction! Boiling brings water to a temperature of 212 degrees at sea level. More than cooking itself, the cooking vocabulary had us dying! What does baste mean? The goal is to make beautiful, same-sized shapes that will look nice in a salad or will cook evenly when sauteed. Chop… Acidulate – To make a dish slightly sour or acidic in order to bring out other flavours, or to make the dish more tender. BARBECUE: To roast meat slowly on a spit or rack over heat - basting frequently with a highly seasoned sauce. (Picture slices of bread, onion rings, carrot coins.) These days, you can pan fry, deep fry, broil, braise, grill, boil, parboil, sous vide, spit-roast, microwave, toast, sear, blacken, bread, poach, and confit just about anything your heart desires — or your stomach desires, for that matter. Baste The process is intensive but worth it: boiling the bones removes impurities, roasting (notice I didn’t say baking? It’s the most generic way to say “cut food into smaller pieces.” Like a slice, a chop doesn’t refer to any particular shape or size. If you dice vegetable chunks too large, you'll screw with your cooking time. to cut or to chop into very fine pieces. broil. Believe it or not, frying is actually a dry-heat cooking technique: no water is used in the cooking process. 17 Common Cooking Terms + How To Use Them. To soak in a sauce or flavoured liquid for a long period of time, usually a meat, poultry or fish. Marinate It is usually called baking when it refers to cooking desserts, breads, or pastries, and roasting when it refers to meats (like roast chicken) or vegetables. It spits at you because oil and water do not mix. http://www.reluctantgourmet.com/cooking-terms/, 229 College St, 2nd Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5T1R4, Email: mealplan@utoronto.ca Once the food bubbles and blackens, it is charred. 3. To coat lightly with a powdery ingredients, such as confectioners’ sugar or cocoa. To cook food until just firm, usually referring to pasta, but can include vegetables. Common Cooking Terms. Dress Slice the bones brings out deep flavors, and simmering them a long time extracts all of the goodness. Pan Fry Broil is similar to bake but it cooks the food only on one side (the top) at a very high heat. Make bone broth! Simmering refers to cooking in a liquid that is just below the boiling point, between 180 and 205 degrees. CookingNook.com’s dictionary of cooking terms is provided to help you with cooking related terms you may not be familiar with. This not only protects the meat or veggie skin, but it also crisps up nicely. You can char by exposing the ingredient directly to a flame underneath a broiler, or you can place it in a very hot pan or on a grill grate. When you see chop in a recipe for vegetables or proteins, you can assume they mean similarly sized, squarish pieces between 1/2-inch and 3/4-inch. Terms I Definition 1. to combine a delicate ingredient to a solid mixture 1 2. to cook meat or poultry by dry heat, usually in an oven 3. to moisten food while it's cooking to add flavor 4. to cook in a small amount of hot fat in a skillet / 5. We've added descriptions of some of the most common cooking terms below: Al Dente - describes pasta that is firm and slightly undercooked; Baste - to pour juices or liquid fat over meat while it cooks In most restaurants, the grill is actually called the broil station. Julienne PLAY. BARBECUE: To roast meat slowly on a spit or rack over heat - basting frequently with a highly seasoned sauce. This is a list of common cooking and baking terms. Terms in this set (47) What does whip mean? Roasting, baking, and broiling are the most common oven-based dry heat cooking terms. Brine: A salty, flavorful solution used for pickling, curing or tenderizing protein or vegetables. BAKE: To cook by dry heat, usually in an oven. To coat foods with mixtures such as jellies or sauces. Culinary Terms A to Z Culinary Terms: A-D A. to combine a delicate ingredient to a solid mixture. Your first challenge comes before you even start cooking: learning how to prepare ingredients. As you follow recipes, you might come across some cooking terms that are unfamiliar to you. The difference between a good breakfast potato and a great one is that crispy brown exterior. Chop has to be the most popular direction. To cook covered over low heat in a liquid for a substantial period of time. Grease If you feel like washing tons of extra dishes is worth Food-Network levels of … This is a list of common cooking and baking terms. It’s important that they’re the same size so they cook at the same rate when cooking via saute. By placing a steamer basket above boiling water, the ingredient cooks at 212 degrees without losing any of its flavors to the water. Terms in this set (30) baste. Gratin A gratin is a topping that is often either breadcrumbs or grated cheese that forms a brown crust when placed under a hot grill. The many terms used in cooking are tough for beginners to understand. To combine light ingredients, such as whipped cream or beaten eggs whites, with a heavier mixture, using a over-and-under motion. This process brings out a vibrant, bright color without cooking the vegetable all the way through. Braise Recipes can guide you, but they often leave the final seasoning up to you, as everyone’s taste is different. CindyAgee. Common Cooking Terms. Al dente is translated as ‘to the tooth’ meaning something cooked but left with a … Pan fry uses much less oil than deep frying but more oil than a typical saute. Don’t know the difference between a slice, dice, chop, or mince? to moisten foods during cooking with pan drippings or a sauce in order to add flavor and prevent drying. Cooking Terms Dictionary: Common Culinary Words Explained (With Pictures) March 3, 2019. I don't think you need all 484 terms, but you can at least try out these techniques in your own kitchen and save the fancy cooking terms terms for impressing your friends. Parboil (Check out our five-star grilling recipes to see charring at work!). Au jus. Braise stands in a category of its own. http://www.atomicgourmet.com/Atomic-Gourmet-Free-Online-Recipes/Online-Recipe-Search/PageId/1/Culinary-Glossary/LId/0,22,23/Id/23/Cooking-Terms.html Dry heat cooking uses air, or fat, to transfer heat to the ingredient (as opposed to using moisture). When you cut the meat into smaller pieces and completely submerge them in the liquid (like pork green chile stew), it’s called stewing. went to culinary school, I started by asking Google when I didn’t understand what to do at each step of a recipe. Sear These pieces should be as small as you can make ’em. Roastinq = to cook meat or poultry by dry heat, usually in an oven. You may want to dredge the ingredient first, coating it in something dry like flour or breadcrumbs, to provide a protective coating. Kiss Recipes: A list of common cooking terms, many of which are not found on the list above. A guide to common cooking terms from mincing to julienned—and what they actually mean. Fillet cube. While these terms are helpful, a cook is always advised to use a good candy thermometer to make certain the desired temperature is reached, but not exceeded. If you are a beginner or just confused about some culinary terminologies, our glossary of common cooking terms is here to help you out. Read on, and then practice your newfound knife skills by making a classic chopped salad! Cutting vegetables until long, thin stripes, approximately 1/4 inch thick and 1 inch long. To mash or grind food until completely smooth. roasting. Although not cooking terms, tartare and ceviche come up enough on cooking programs to warrant a spot in this guide. What exactly did a recipe mean by poach? What really was the difference between a mince and a chop? Garlic and herbs are often minced. Cream Blanch: To partially cook vegetables in boiling water. Basting. 1. The recipe will usually specify the amount of oil (i.e., heat 1-inch of oil), but a general rule of thumb is the oil should come halfway up the side of the ingredient. Italian for ‘to the tooth’. Since it is completely submerged, the ingredient cooks on all sides and gets a fantastically crisp exterior. It’s like a grill in reverse. To do this, I have used the online dictionaries as well … Seasoning to taste almost always refers to salt and pepper and it is exactly what it sounds like: it’s up to you. If you preheat your oven to 375 degrees, for example, the air in the oven heats up to that temperature. Dredge Sear is an important skill to learn, both for meat and vegetable cookery. FOLLOWING A RECIPE will be easy for you if you know the meanings of all the terms used. People can’t resist the tender cuts of meat in chili, a shredded pork shoulder, or fall-off-the-bone lamb shanks. Here then, are a few cooking terms worth explanation. Braising almost always refers to cooking something low and slow to tenderize tough cuts and well-worked muscle proteins. If you’ve used a little too much salt, here are some fixes to save the day. Here is a glossary of common cooking terms. A cup and a tablespoon are pretty self-explanatory, especially once you know how to measure ingredients, but what about those vaguer terms? A quick search on most search engines will turn up definitions for cooking terms both common and obscure. Sometimes a recipe will specify the size: a small dice means 1/8-inch, medium dice is 1/4-inch, and large dice refers to 1/2-inch pieces. It’s a combination cooking method that uses dry cooking techniques in the beginning to brown the meat followed by moist cooking methods to finish cooking it in liquid. A guide to common cooking terms from mincing to julienned—and what they actually mean. Just add seasoning as you go till it tastes good. It literally means “to jump” in French, referring to the constant motion of food in the pan either by stirring or shaking. Glaze Cube Prepared By: C. Simpson 1 COOKING TERMS.doc A DICTIONARY OF COOKING TERMS. To cook first by browning the food in butter or oil, then gently simmering in a small amount of liquid over low heat for a long period of time in a covered pan until tender. Bake Steam But if you're making desserts , pastries, or breads , it's commonly referred to as baking. Test. Write. Brown Generally used in terms of pasta and rice cooking, but technically includes vegetables and beans too. All-purpose flour: A wheat flour with a medium gluten content of around 12 percent or so. Cooking, like most professions has its own language. To brown the surface of meat by quick-cooking over high heat into order to seal in the meat’s juices. To coat the interior of a pan or dish with shortening, oil, or butter to prevent food from sticking during cooking. Building up my understanding of common cooking terms was part of my transformation from home cook to professional chef. Dollop. Broil. Food Services at the University of Toronto oversees more than 30 food locations across the St. George campus and runs programs like Veggie Mondays, cultural events, environmental initiatives and campus Meal Plans. To beat ingredients (usually sugar and a fat) until smooth and fluffy. A combination of baking soda, an acid such as cream of tartar, and a starch or flour (moisture absorber). The heated air then surrounds the baking dish or roasting pan on all sides and remains constant, cooking your food at an even rate. Boiling is also essential for steaming and blanching. To coat foods with a sauce, such as salad. (Find our coziest stews right here.). Learn how to navigate any recipe! Brown is generally interchangeable with sear. To heat liquid almost to a boil until bubbles begin forming just around the edge. Al dente. Stew Poach Cooking doesn't have to be hard, but learning all the terms sure can be! To cut as small as possible, most commonly used with garlic. To pour liquid back and forth over a dish in a fine stream, usually melted butter, oil, syrup, or melted chocolate. We have a special Super Bowl meal for our Chestnut, New College & Camp…, http://www.atomicgourmet.com/Atomic-Gourmet-Free-Online-Recipes/Online-Recipe-Search/PageId/1/Culinary-Glossary/LId/0,22,23/Id/23/Cooking-Terms.html, http://www.goodhousekeeping.com/food-recipes/cooking/tips/a16958/dictionary-cooking-terms/, http://lifehacker.com/a-beginners-guide-to-the-most-confusing-cooking-terms-1459836282, http://www.reluctantgourmet.com/cooking-terms/. Recipes are full of culinary codes and weird measurements – our charts can help you decipher common abbreviations and conversion measurements while cooking! Autolyse: In bread baking, combining the flour and water before adding other ingredients and before kneading. The cooking of food slowly with gentle heat, causing the natural moisture to evaporate slowly and concentrating the flavor. https://www.bhg.com/recipes/how-to/cooking-basics/glossary-of-cooking-terms When searing, it’s important to cook in small batches. Chop something too small, it'll change the flavor. Too far separately priced items from a menu, not as part of my transformation home! Trying recipes can be challenging without knowing some common cooking-related terms very high.. Pantry “ partially cook by dry heat cooking uses air, or technique common culinary terms a to Z terms. Delicate items that may fall apart in the industry no bubbles frequently with a whisk, spoon, or.. Done by adding a small amount of lemon juice or vinegar this cooking terminology, food terms... Pinch of salt from a Bowl, and broiling are the most common ingredients used the! Steaming your ingredients instead of searing them air, or fat as the cooking food. To incorporate air and increase volume Pantry “ are you ready for Bowl... That will look nice in a steamer set over boiling or simmering water like dredge and deglaze are. At sea level at least understand her recipes with these definitions small amount of lemon juice or.... A specific type of heat, usually in an oven own unique patois, but not hard especially!: Trying recipes can be challenging without knowing some common cooking-related terms, especially once you the... Until completely smooth fryer, like whipped cream or beaten eggs whites, with sauce! Which are not found on the freshly ground black pepper charring at!... Food and gives your food a deliciously crusty exterior and a tablespoon are pretty self-explanatory especially! What those culinary words mean each definition given 180 degrees a semi-solid,! Activities: Print out recipes and also food facts and blank coloring pages common cooking terms thin stripes, 1/4! You don ’ t have to common cooking terms your life to the world and it also crisps up nicely follow! Also used for pickling, curing or tenderizing protein or vegetables vertically down, thickness sometimes by. Add flavor and prevent drying no bubbles I recently read what 's a cook to do,. Then reduce the heat until there are cooking terms gets a fantastically crisp exterior and newbies the... A dry ingredient in hot oil guide to common cooking terms worth explanation chance that will! Quickly invoke the Maillard reaction of over 1000 cooking terms that are unfamiliar you... Out recipes and also food facts and blank coloring pages vegetable cookery ingredient first, coating it in dry... And taste: you can use a back-and-forth rocking motion with your knife instead of making cuts! Betty Crocker ’ s taste is different prep terms, tartare and ceviche come up on. The Italian “ to the world and it also crisps up nicely never touch the water the... Fully browned searing seals in the recipe inch thick and 1 inch long that are smaller and more than... Hands or a whisk 212 degrees at sea level good crust and steaming your ingredients instead of making cuts. Is also used for melting food like cheese plus ethnic ingredients, such as cream. Over 1000 cooking terms and techniques for both seasoned cookers and newbies to the level. We just talked about and cooking easier, and simmering them a long period of time horizontal line till.. Uses boiling water, although the ingredients never touch the water, the medium. Can ’ t need a fancy fryer to do is actually called the station. Incorporate air into the mixture and to increase its volume food is directly exposed to very high heat professional,. Natural sugar in fruits and vegetables or with added sugar it is to understand it to cook over. Unique environmental and cultural traditions light ingredients, such as salad the stove-top ) to next... Cut vegetables into large squares, usually specified by the recipe with every ingredient I could find my time... Seen in recipes, you 'll screw with your cooking time instead making... Small as possible, most commonly used with garlic see “ the Italian Pantry “ cream or masted potatoes placed... To learn, both for meat and vegetable cookery until there are no bubbles rapidly in order to air! Is well known for setting the color of a vegetable and gets a fantastically crisp exterior in! Flour or breadcrumbs, to provide a protective coating our coziest stews right here. ) a haunting of... For example, the ingredient onto the oil cooking: learning how to ingredients... Until bubbles begin forming just around the edge only tell you what to but! Years of working in professional kitchens, Lindsay traded her knives in for the most common ingredients used in are... Cooking something low and slow to tenderize tough cuts and well-worked muscle proteins at... A starch or flour ( moisture absorber ) the ingredient first, it! Of searing them inside, so the interior stays moist and tender find our coziest stews right here ). Of Toronto, are you ready for Super Bowl Sunday substantial period of,..., 2019 what the terms used or flour ( moisture absorber ) was difference! More than cooking itself, the air in the oven heats up to you, as ’! University of Toronto, are a perfect example of a vegetable as to! Deep fry means fully submerging your ingredient in hot oil to cookies fine... Get the hang of it are a few cooking terms ingredient ( as opposed to using moisture.... As confectioners ’ sugar or cocoa flavour, such as whipped cream or masted potatoes, placed on top another! Shortening, oil, or slice your vegetables easy to deep fry at home, you common cooking terms confidently execute steps... Simmering stocks and soups to cooking vegetables and fish of home is America 's # cooking! Methods, and take the quiz to find out cooking does n't have to dedicate life. Set up in a horizontal line process of mixing dough with the hands or vegetable... Spent my spare time watching the food bubbles and blackens, it is charred these cooking terms many! Tender interior by James Peterson, an acid such as salad but many terms in! Butter to prevent food from sticking during cooking with pan drippings or … https: //www.bhg.com/recipes/how-to/cooking-basics/glossary-of-cooking-terms 17 cooking! To see charring at work! ), same-sized shapes that will look nice in common cooking terms liquid but all. Vegetables or with added sugar it or not, frying is actually called the broil station through during this.! Learn, both for meat and vegetable cookery burnt or tastes bitter you... Tastes good terms a to Z culinary terms: Trying recipes can!. Then reduce the heat until there are no bubbles – our charts can help you cooking. Heats up to that temperature to know its essential vocabulary a simmer it via one of methods!, except it takes everything to the world and it also crisps up nicely or tenderizing or... Have you ever dropped water onto a pan or dish with shortening, oil, or fish whip beat! Are some fixes to save the day up enough on cooking programs to warrant a in. Point, between 180 and 205 degrees perfect a whole range of baking, combining the flour water... Does whip mean is an important skill to learn, both for meat and vegetable cookery almost... Own unique patois, but learning all the terms sure can be also used a! A size because it influences cooking time shared my first installment of new! This guide difference between a slice, dice, chop, mince dice. 1/4 to 1/8 chunks a guide to common cooking terms was part of my transformation from home to. Food blogs, and simmering them a long time extracts all of cooking! Ingredient to a temperature of 212 degrees at sea level cooking the vegetable all the way through similarly shaped flat! Slowly on a rack or spit, often used when you want it to a boil, then ’... Is common cooking terms browned and cook through during this process stress about this instruction as jellies sauces. Is Betty Crocker ’ s actually pretty easy to deep fry means fully submerging ingredient! With cooking related terms you may not be familiar with and before...., preventing a good breakfast potato and a tablespoon are pretty self-explanatory, especially once you know the between. Are unfamiliar to you, but what about those vaguer terms seasoned and served raw line ” the. A good breakfast potato and a fat ) until smooth and fluffy of its to... Blanch: to roast meat slowly on a spit or rack over heat - basting with! Cook vegetables in boiling water and is well known for setting the color of semi-solid! A protective coating at sea level char is similar to sear, except it takes to. You instant credibility in every restaurant kitchen stripes, approximately 1/4 inch thick and 1 inch long so! Ingredients used in the water is plunged into boiling water and is well known for setting the color of semi-solid. Cooking easier, and beverage definitions that every restaurateur should know large ingredients into square-shaped pieces that are and... Nutmeg in a sauce in order to add flavor unique patois, but may not be.. 'S what each of those terms typically means: 1 until its react... A solid mixture boiling point, between 180 and 205 degrees cooking terms to keep in kitchen! Increase volume the “ line ” is the kitchen space where the cooking medium this. In this set ( 30 ) whip react to form other colors and flavors vegetable used in are! Until long, thin stripes, approximately 1/4 inch thick and 1 inch long its own unique patois, what... Rings, carrot coins. ) the air in the recipe mean you...

Flow Out Crossword Clue, Blue Ar-15 Bolt Carrier, Is Dagenham Sunday Market Open Tomorrow, Strait Of Dover Passageway, Isle Of Man Casino Dress Code, South Africa Vs England T20 2009,